Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Folly of Science Exposed in Shelley’s Frankenstein and E.T.A. Hoffman’s

Folly of Science Exposed in Shelley’s Frankenstein and E.T.A. Hoffman’s Sandman In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and E.T.A. Hoffman’s Sandman, elements of science are portrayed in a negative light, warning the reader of the dangers of the unknown. Many aspects of science and technology are portrayed from alchemy and robotics in the Sandman to biology and chemistry in Frankenstein. The stories feature similar main characters that break the boundaries of conventional society in order to investigate their desires. Each story features a "living doll", or a creation of man that, while first made for good, results in evil. When we read The Sandman, we are left in doubt as to whether what is happening to Nathaniel is real or merely in his mind. For instance, when Hoffmann introduces Olympia, he does not mention whether she is a human being or a doll; and he does so in such a way the reader may not immediately realize this. We take for granted that Olympia is a real person, because we expect Nathaniel to know the difference. During the course of the story, the Sandman as Copp...

Monday, January 13, 2020

Multicultural Literature Essay- Eleithia Essay

Author, Alice Walker’s, Elethia, is a story of young Elethia who struggles to overcome a legacy of passivity, marginalization, inferiority, and misrepresentation of the Negro. To define her own identity she must break free and simultaneously hold on to the central figure that causes her to doubt her identity. Uncle Albert is a symbol of racism and the blindness that oftentimes presents itself within the Negro culture. There is a quote given by the late Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., â€Å"there are many Negros who will never fight for freedom, but will gladly accept it when it comes!† Dr. King’s remarks are favored by me in the fight against racism and I understand it to mean this. That while segregation, impartiality, brutality and blatant disrespect are present, there will always be a certain percentage of people, belonging to an oppressed culture, who will idly sit by and accept the countless improprieties set before them while others continuously fight to break down the walls of bigotry. In the town in which Elethia made her home, Uncle Albert had been a fixture in the window of the Old Uncle Albert’s restaurant for good length of time. So long that some of the old-timers, who had known Uncle Albert before his murder, were victims of fading memories, â€Å"perhaps both memory and eyesight were wrong (Brown p.307).† As a humanist, I am annoyed that the story is absent, perhaps accidentally or possibly on purpose, that not one member of the African American community protested or took any actions to give Uncle Albert’s likeness a release. I understand fear. The fear of retribution and death at the hands of white supremacists, however years, an entire generation in fact, had passed and Uncle Albert’s remains still stood smiling in the white-only eatery. Since slavery religious instruction was aimed â€Å"to inculcate meekness and docility (Aptheker 122).† What about after the doors  of the church were closed? Throughout the short story, there is no mention of a revolutionary plot or rebellion by any one person or persons of the community. Elethia, young and still not sure of who she was, made the horrific discovery that Uncle Albert was stuffed as if he were and animal. At that moment, she along with her friends made the conscious decision that smiling Uncle Albert had to be excluded as a fixture in a plated glass window in order to give dignity to the Negro culture. I am a firm believer in non-violence but only when you are dealing with people who share the same view of non-violence. The story does not give the reader any hint that there was a rumble from the community of Negro people at a time when a loud noise should have sounded off. At a time when the Civil Rights Movement was in its infancy, the passiveness of the entire African American community of the small southern town gave credence to the myth of the docile Negro. Throughout American history, any person or persons of the American society, whom skin is deemed to be colored has been marginalized since he has placed his foot on American soil. The Negros place in society has been viewed as less important than those of his white brethrens. In Elethia, a young black boy’s privates were left nailed to a post for the town’s people, which included blacks and whites to see. I will take this crude act and look at in two ways to support my theory of marginalization: the first angle will be taken from a white societal viewpoint in that a young Negro boy is not looked upon as a human being. He is simply a person of color who is absent of pathos, and intellect. His status in the general public is placed the lowest echelon on the societal chain, therefore he does not warrant the right to be buried properly in a grave. The act of inhumanity can secondly be viewed by the African American community as an act of intimidation by the oppressor to furt her propel the theory of marginalization and minimize their self worth as citizens of a so called pluralist society. This marginalization theory leads to societal exclusion, the act of leaving one social class at a disadvantage while elevating another social class to point where there becomes a false sense of superiority. This false sense of superiority can and will result in inferiority, a mental prison. The bedrock of inferiority, that is the views that white America or Americans  have toward their opposites, who are black Americans derived from the words set forth by one of our founding fathers, Thomas Jefferson, in his Letters to the State of Virginia. In its fourteenth query he describes what he perceives the Negro to be: â€Å"The negro differences which are physical and moral. The first difference which strikes us is that of colour. Is it not the foundation of a greater or less share of beauty in the two races? Are not the fine mixtures of red and white, the expressions of every passion by greater or less suffusions of colour in the one, preferable to that eternal monotony, which reigns i n the countenances, that immoveable veil of black which covers all the emotions of the other race? Add to these, flowing hair, a more elegant symmetry of form, their own judgment in favour of the whites, declared by their preference of them, as uniformly as is the preference of the Oranootan for the black women over those of his own species. The circumstance of superior beauty, is thought worthy attention in the propagation of our horses, dogs, and other domestic animals; why not in that of man? Besides those of colour, figure, and hair, there are other physical distinctions proving a difference of race. They have less hair on the face and body. Perhaps too a difference of structure in the pulmonary apparatus, which a late ingenious (1) experimentalist has discovered to be the principal regulator of animal heat, may have disabled them from extricating, in the act of inspiration, so much of that fluid from the outer air, or obliged them in expiration, to part with more of it. They seem to require less sleep. A black, after hard labour through the day, will be induced by the slightest amusements to sit up till midnight, or later, though knowing he must be out with the first dawn of the morning. An animal whose body is at rest, and who does not reflect, must be disposed to sleep of course. Comparing them by their faculties of memory, reason, and imagination, it appears to me, that in memory they are equal to the whites; in reason much inferior, as I think one could scarcely be found capable of tracing and comprehending the investigations of Euclid; and that in imagination they are dull, tasteless, and anomalous. It would be unfair to follow them to Africa for this investigation. We will consider them here, on the same stage with the whites, and where the facts are not apocryphal on which a judgment is to be formed. It will be right to make great allowances for the difference of condition, of education, of conversation, of the sphere in which they move. I find that a black had uttered a thought above the level of plain narration; never see even an elementary trait of painting or sculpture. In music they are more generally gifted than the whites with accurate ears for tune and time, and they have been found capable of imagining a small catch (2). Whether they will be equal to the composition of a more extensive run of melody, or of complicated harmony, is yet to be proved. Misery is often the parent of the most affecting touches in poetry. — Among the blacks is misery enough, God knows, but no poetry. Love is the peculiar ;oestrum of the poet. Their love is ardent, but it kindles the senses only, not the imagination. Religion indeed has produced a Phyllis Whately; but it could not produce a poet (Jefferson).† Mr. Jefferson claims that the Negro is less beautiful than whites and that Negro man desires the free flowing long hair of the white woman over that of the Negro women. He says the Negro lacks intelligence, so much so that he doesn’t know when to lie down when his body calls for rest. The Negro is quite capable of imagining, but lacks the skill to produce works of art. The Negro has a foul odor. The Negro has a different pulmonary apparatus than that of the Anglo- man. Thomas Jefferson’s query is the foundation in which biased racial views were built upon and the home in which inferiority breeds. In the context of Elethia, she was not allowed to eat in the white-only establishment, however, she was permitted to take a menial position as the kitchen help. This added to her as well as the other Negro worker’s persistent feelings of inadequacy. â€Å"Not good enough to eat here but good enough to clean your slop jar (Anderson, 323)!† She was able to look but not touch. In Walker’s, Elethia, Uncle Albert not only was he angry when he and his family learned that slavery had ended a decade prior to his knowledge. He felt inferior because due to the oppression of his owner he became an paradigm of Thomas Jefferson’s statement â€Å"the Negro lacks intelligence (Jefferson query XIV).† Uncle Albert did not possess the skill or intellect that kept him ignorant to the laws and abolishment of slavery. His lack of knowledge perpetuated the feelings of inferiority. Another example of inadequacy came to pass when Elethia learned the truth of Uncle Albert’s remains. She saw this as a mockery and another disregard for a Negro life. She viewed Uncle Albert’s standing in the window as a shadow  of racism. The plate glass window holding Uncle Albert’s smiling remains is a misrepresentation of the African American Community. He was placed there like a caricature advertisement to entice patrons to dine at the all white faci lity where they will be handled with the utmost care by our friendly waiter, Uncle Albert. First, the African American old-timers in the text make it clear that Uncle Albert was nobodies Uncle, â€Å"and wouldn’t sit still for anyone to call him that either (Brown 308)†. Second he never smiled, in fact the text leads the reader to believe that Uncle Albert was a bit of a surly man, who was filled with a lot of anger and nowhere to extinguish it. If occasionally he managed to open his mouth in the form of a smile, there would be vacancies where teeth had once dwelled. When the old timers, who were members of the African American community, talked about Uncle Albert, they used his name Albert Porter. This momentarily afforded a black man a little slice of dignity, a representation of a man lacking inferiorities. With the removing of the young black boy’s genitals from the post, Uncle Albert gave the boy and his family a slice of the same pie of dignity; a slice that represented that someone showed compassion for another human soul. In my opinion, the placing of Uncle Albert in the window of the segregated eatery, it says that the Negro will always be less than, enslaved, and subservient in life or in death so he should â€Å"grin and act like a nigger (Brown 309).† When in slavery, Uncle Albert was beaten severely because his oppressor wanted him to forget his past. This was a blatant misrepresentation of him and every black person housed between the walls of racism. Uncle Albert refused to forget. His refusal brought him additional pain and suffering. Stubbornness would not allow him to forget and succumb to the smiling happy Negro. In finding ones identity, one oftentimes has to look at others. Noted scholoar, WEB DuBois explore the Negro culture. In regards to identity he tells us about the double consciousness. â€Å"This double consciousness is a psychological sense experienced by the African Americans whereby they possess the national identity, â€Å"an American,† within a nation that despises their racial identity and that blacks see themselves only through the eyes of white Americans to measure intelligence beauty, and a sense of self-worth by standards set by others (DuBois 4).† Young Elethia was coming of age and her inquisitive nature uncovered truths and these truths led to more inquiries. Who am I? Who is Uncle Albert? Am I my community? Am I Uncle Albert? Am I going to let someone who keeps my community in oppression define who WE should be? Between the lines of the text these questions rang out to me. The title of the short story is Elethia, which when you search for names for girls you find that Elethia means healer. Was Elethia taking on the role as healer for the entire African American community? Was she only there to heal the memory of Uncle Albert? In a search for Elethia’s identity, I think that maybe the author, Walker, purposely named her character Elethia as a subtle way to aide her in the restorative process against inequality. The removal of the symbol of pain weaved together with a mythological symbol that helps lessen the pain in order to make a society whole, is nothing short of genius. It not only helped in the formation of young Elethia it gave a self-esteem booster to the African American community. The absence of Uncle Albert in effect may have unmasked the veil in which W.E.B. DuBois says the black folk live under (14). Uncle Albert’s persona displayed in the window puts me in the mind of Aunt Jemima, a mammy black face figure, with a big smile, whom is overly obedient, and whose primary goal in life is to be happy and subservient to the Anglo community. This is viewed as a negative stereotype in the African American community, not just in the small southern town, but all over America. Due to the veil worn by the African American community, Aunt Jemima was accepted by the African American community before the veil was lifted. The Aunt Jemima persona was juxtaposed as to what Uncle Albert was in life. With him no longer in the window that element has disappeared and the Negro has the freedom to create his own identity. By removing him from the window and giving him a proper cremation, the ‘young self imposed civil rights activist/reconciliators of the community’ not only released him from the glass plated walls of slavery but they gave him a spiritual release to heal his soul and the souls of the community. Not only was Uncle Albert a remembrance of pain he became a commemoration of healing when Elethia along with her friends decided in an act to resist racism decided to free Uncle Albert it became a cleansing for the African American’s of the town. By keeping his ashes it was a reminder of the past; albeit a past Uncle Albert refused to forget. Uncle Albert was not allowed to be free, to go  off to college to be and do better things. He was trapped. Keeping his ashes was also a symbol of humbleness to not forget where you started from. Elethia saw change that disallowed her and her friends to become trapped. This change allowed members of the African American community everywhere to claim and create who they wanted to be for themselves, as well as their families. In Elethia’s travels in life she had ran into several Uncle Alberts and Aunt Albertas who were not permitted to exist (Brown 309). The African American individuals whom were not permitted to be seen or heard by means of oppression, or their own lack or inability to seek a better life. His ashes are a constant reminder of who she is now in the present, how far she has come, and how much further she needs to maintain the feeling of wholeness. Although Wikipedia is not a scholarly source, it gave me the definition of identity and I believe it is reasonably accurate. Identity is defined as sameness, or whatever makes an entity definable and recognizable. By transcribing the memory of Uncle Albert it did just that and also Elethia also created a legacy. This legacy that can be retold without censure or wrong misgivings which gives legacy gives the African American Community a place in history; a place that says yes our people do and did exist. In addition a legacy is about the way one lived or is living in hopes that the future outcome will have results greater than the past. Elethia’s legacy also provides the African American community with history that mirrors the way they look, traditions that existed, the way they speak, and the way they were forced to live. This culmination of factors adds to Elethia as well as the Negro community and adds to each ones identity. I once read somewhere that without a legacy the meaning of life is sometimes lost. Had some of the Uncle Alberts and Aunt Albertas in Elethia path lost their meaning of life and may that loss caused them to be blind? Maybe or maybe not, however one struggle to overcome the products of racism can definitely effect the way ones views himself. In conclusion a legacy can oftentimes become the catalyst that brings about social change and is a definite component of identity. WORK CITED Anderson, J.D., My Bouquet of Kisses, Esquire Publications, Inc.: 3rd edition (April 2011). Aptheker, Henry., American Negro Slave Revolts, Publisher: Intl Pub; 5 edition (August 1983). Brown, Wesley & Ling, Amy, Imagining America Stories from the Promised Land: Persea Books, Inc.: 1st edition (2002). DuBois, W.E.B., The Souls of Black Folk, Barnes & Nobles Classics with New Introduction (1903) Republished 2003. Jefferson, Thomas, Notes on the State of Virginia, (1781) www.revolutionary-war-and-beyond.com/notes-on-the-state-of-virginia-by-thomas-jefferson-1781-1782-2. www.wikipedia.com Identity. Retrieved August 4, 2012.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

This Paper Aimed To Explore The Concept Of Sustainability

This paper aimed to explore the concept of sustainability of nursing innovations guided by the concept analysis framework developed by Wilson (1969). Although attention in the literature of implementation science has arisen in a few decades, there is a need to identify a concrete definition to capture the essential elements in the concept of nursing innovations sustainability. This paper will present the connotative definitions and attributes, operational definition, antecedents, consequences, exemplar cases, contributes to nursing science and practice, and suggestions to further development of the concept. Background There are many intervention study focus on investigating the effectiveness of nursing interventions. The field of†¦show more content†¦Because the sustainability is an essential issue when developing nursing innovations. It is important for nursing scientists to have a clear operational definition and understand the boundary of the concept. Therefore, this analysis isolated questions of concept: (1) What is sustainability of nursing innovations and how is it defined (a question of fact); (2) Is sustainability of nursing innovations directly related to patient outcomes (a question of value) (3) What are the attributes, antecedents, and consequences of the concept (a question of concept). Methods The Wilson’s method of concept analysis was used to understand what’s the critical attributes, and through different cases to illustrate how nursing innovations sustainability been defined in nursing practice and research. While in the current literature, the concept of sustainability of nursing innovation has no clear boundaries of analysis and about the outcomes of sustainability is still in a debate. The analytic framework outlined by Wilson contains 11 techniques in steps which are: (1) Isolate the questions of concept (Step 1), (2) Develop right answers to the questions (Step 2), then identify the uses of the concept (Step 3), and apply with (3) Model cases, (4) Contrary cases, (5) Related cases, (6) Borderline cases, (7) Invented cases, (8) Social context, (9) Underlying anxiety, (10) Practical results, (11) Results in language, and then conduct an internalShow MoreRelatedWhy Sustainability Is An Essential Part Within The Business World1596 Words   |  7 PagesD espite the lack of understanding about sustainability in our modern society this concept has been adopted by many organizations around the world for centuries and it has significant meanings in the operation of the business world. The idea is to run a business in a way that guarantees the future security of the planet as well as the business by managing its monetary, environment and social frameworks effectively. Hence, the main goal of sustainable business is to continuously strive to have a positiveRead MoreOperations of Goodwill Industries International1190 Words   |  5 PagesIn this paper, we present an in-depth analysis of the operations of Goodwill Industries International is an independent, not-for-profit organizations that provides employment placement services, job training as well as other community-based programs for individuals who are disabled, lack education or any job experience or face employment challenges. Our analysis indicated that the huge gap or disparity be tween CEO and average employee pay resulted in low motivation among the workers.The paper exploresRead MoreSupply Chain Management And Operation Management1374 Words   |  6 Pageschain management and operation management have become integral components as far as organizational competitiveness is concerned. This paper will begin by offering a literature review about supply chain management and operations management. 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For two decades, Apple Inc ruled the computer manufacturing frontier for two decades. However, it did face low sales and market share in the 1990s. Steve Jobs had left the firm in the 1980s and returned in 1996 as the Chief Executive Officer. He brought about a revolution in the electronics music industry with the invention of the Ipod in 2001. He aimed for innovative products with simple, unique designs that offered aRead MoreAutomobile Industry : A Human Capacity1458 Words   |  6 Pagesself-go verning vehicles (AVs) that can explore parkways and urban situations with no immediate human information. Profoundly, mechanized vehicle improvement is progressively discovering its way into customer vehicles as dynamic security, driver help frameworks, and constrained robotized driving components. If these advancements become effective and enters the mass market, Autonomous vehicles can possibly dramatically change transportation. 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Thursday, December 19, 2019

Annotated Bibliography On Family Therapy - 1629 Words

The purpose of this paper is to prepare an annotated bibliography on family therapy with emphasis on ethnicity and sociocultural influences on the problems of communication. This research includes twelve resources on authors with the following annotations: Delineation of the main focus or purpose of each author s work; Background and credibility of each author; Intended audience for the work; Any unique feature of the work; Theoretical understandings; Family therapy strategies or techniques; and a Conclusion or observations presented in the work. Communication in cultural diversity is one very important issue that families, couples, singles, Christian counselors, and therapists might encounter in their scope of†¦show more content†¦To conclude my review from â€Å"Christian Counseling Third Edition: A Comprehensive Guide† by Gary Collins, PH. D., as an excellent practical manual for professional in practice. The Biblical principles are nondenominational and can also be introduced to the needs of others in multicultural environment. The information is reliable for both the young and the matured. The purpose of the book titled, The Family: A Christian Perspective on the Contemporary Home, by Jack O. Balswick and Judith K. Balswick comprise of various approaches in biblical, theological, cultural, and sociological perspectives. The author focus is strictly to â€Å"integrated view of contemporary family life based on current social-science research, clinical insights, and biblical truth. The background of the author’s work is from a previous edition upgraded with current changes in our â€Å"modern society including a section on marriage, mate selection, cohabitation, expansion of family life, parenting, rearing children, adolescent, challenges of the later-life premarital cohabitation, recognition of the importance of biosocial influence, and the interactive effect of bio-psycho-socio-cultural factors to understand family dynamics. The audience of this book are for families and marriage in conflict, every life stage, maintaining balance through the joys, pains, ups, and downs,Show MoreRelatedA Annotated Bibliography On The Fie ld Of Nursing1600 Words   |  7 PagesAn annotated bibliography is used to assess other written works of information related to the topic you are discussing. This assignment is to help students learn how to deal with one of the many communication concerns they may come across in the field of nursing. 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Buser, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development 37.2 (April 2009): 94-104 This article is a great article that relates to African Americans seeking mental health treatment at lower rates than whites. The article states that this disparity can be attributed to attitudes toward services, alternate coping, and differences in care. This article also illuminates biases in counseling. Snowden, Lonnie R, Barriers toRead MoreThe Implementation Of Music Therapy Workshop Essay1398 Words   |  6 PagesResources. Time: Parents will need eight hours of proper training in the implementation of music therapy, such as songs, improvisation, and movement to music. Professional Proctors: Training will be provided alongside proctors in the eight-hour â€Å"implementation of music therapy workshop† to promote competence of the therapy. Money: Participants will be paid a stipend for participating for the duration of the workshop. An estimated financial need is $2,500. An $825 budget will be set aside forRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography: Domestic Violence and Its Effects on Children1382 Words   |  6 PagesAnnotated Bibliography: Domestic Violence and its effects on Children Groves, B.M. (1999). Mental Health Services for Children Who Witness Domestic Violence. The Future of Children, 9(3), 122-132. This article provides a good introduction for practitioners working with children who witness family violence. The article summarizes the effects domestic violence can have on children such as; aggressiveness, depression, anxiety, learning disabilities, and sleep deprivation. The author stressesRead MoreMy First Clinical Rotation As A Nursing Student1314 Words   |  6 Pagesdementia patients. Many alternative therapies have been tested in their ability to manage these symptoms of dementia. One such nonpharmacological treatment strategy is music therapy, which has been utilized previously towards various psychological and physical conditions due to its ability to arouse memories and feelings of pleasantness (Vasionyte Madison, 2013). Evaluation of current literature will help elucidate the potential effectiveness of music therapy specifically on patients with dementia

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Management Of Work Groups For Organization - Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss about the Management Of Work Groups For Organization. Answer: Introduction Organizational behaviour is referred to the study of the interaction of a group of people within an organization. There have been many ideas regarding the concept of the organizational behaviours. It has been mentioned by some of the scholars that the organizational behaviours is one kind scientific approach that is based in the management of the workers of a company in terms of maintaining a proper and rich culture within an organization (Pinder 2014). On the other hand, some of the researcher states that organizational behaviour is a continuous process that works for the establishment of meaningful relationship among the employees of the firm along with the increase of the productivity of the same (Moore et al. 2012). This essay is focused on the organizational behaviour in terms of highlighting the issue of skill management within the workplace of a firm which leads to the increase of productivity for the organization as the whole. Discussion There has been contradiction of various opinions by the researchers on the concept of the organizational behaviour, but the most important of all is focused on the skill and performance management of the staffs of the company in order to increase the productivity and enrich the organizational culture. The productivity of a certain firm is highly impacted by the organizational behaviour of the same (Miner 2015). On the other hand, organizational behaviour does not only indicate the increase of the employee number to positively increase the productivity, but stresses upon the skill management for the same. Therefore, the essay will present an argumentative and critical discussion on both the organizational culture as well as on the skill management of the staffs with regard to the organizational behaviour. Skill management is considered as the practice that understands, develop and deploy people as well as their skills. The skill management is also considered to be one of the most important factors for the human resource management of a company in terms of increasing the productivity. A well implemented skill management must identify the skills required for the specific job roles (Jiang et al. 2012). It must be remembered by the management of the organization that the skills for every job role is different and requires different forces from external. Problem solving, decision making, planning, communication, time management are some of the most important areas of the employees in their respective job roles that requires the skills management from the external management system of the company. However, the human resource management of the firm is usually responsible for determining different skill management process for employees in terms of enhancing the skills and capabilities of them . The basic purpose of skill management is to identify the gaps of the employees and fill them up with the required resources. There is several skill management process practised by most of the companies of late. Training, performance management, feedback, employee appraisal are some of the processes that is practised as the skill management process (Neffke and Henning 2013). This are directly or indirectly linked with the productivity of the employees for the company. The main objective of any company is to increase the production and therefore the skill management is one of the mandatory methods for increasing the productivity of the staffs. As mentioned before, not only the productivity is influenced by the skill management but also the organizational behaviour is enriched. Training is one of the most common processes of the skill management. As mentioned previously in the essay that the human resource department of a company is responsible for conducting skill management process for the employees. Since increasing the number of people in the organization does not only increase the productivity, the proper identification and management of skills is important for the same (Pollitt 2013). After the identification of the required skills, the management of the same necessary. In terms of enhancing the skills of the employees, the human resource department of the company conducts various training programs within the workplace. The importance of training lies in the enhancement of the existing skills and capabilities. During the training process the employees are examined by the management which helps them to identify the weaknesses of the staffs and arrange the training program accordingly. In the training, the employees develop new skills required for specific job roles. Therefore, training definitely plays an important role in organizational behaviour as well as in skill management. However, there are contradictory opinions about the training as one of the process of skill management. Some of the scholars say that training increases the level of satisfaction within the employees who have been the part of the training program, but decreases the satisfaction level for the remaining employees (Konings and Vanormelingen 2015). Along with this, some other scholars add to this opinion that there has been a disagreement between the management and the employees as well as the trained and untrained employees whic h affects the organizational culture and consequently leads to negative productivity. However, training is majorly appreciated skill management process for any company to influence the productivity. Performance management is considered to be another important part of the skill management of the employees. Performance management is a continuous process of communication between the human resource department of the company and the employees of the same. This particular process goes on throughout the year and includes the activities of setting of objectives, identification of goals, providence of feedback and the review of the results. The entire process is based on the performance of the employees in terms of enhancing their productivity. The consistent and continuous process of evaluation of the performance of the employees is required for the performance management. This ongoing process helps the employees as well as the management to evaluate their performance and to take required initiatives accordingly (Pollitt 2013). For example, Google uses the performance management process extensively not only for increasing the productivity out of the people of the organization, but also for the maintaining an appropriate organizational behaviour within the workplace of the same. The performance management includes range of activities from the employee appraisal to rewards and recognition. The performance of the employees enables them for the appraisals which further enable them for promotion. On the other hand, the feedback provided by the management of the companies on the basis of the performance of the employees, identifies the weaknesses of them (Bach 2012). And the positive feedbacks from the management motivate the employees and as the result of that the employees put more effort to the productivity. At the same time the organizational behaviour within the workplace is enhanced. Along with this, rewarding and recognizing the employees with the feedbacks and other performance management process also encourages and motivates the employees towards their specific job roles. In an organization where a team works in collaboration to contribute different talents and skills posed by them, the employees are deemed to work within a productive surrounding (Marchington et al. 2016). As the organizations these days are observed to deal with the challenge of offering new services and products to address changing demands of the consumers, they focus on the teams strength of innovating and creating. This indicates that the work groups require to skilfully managing for being productive. In a high performance job, an organization requires investing within human resources for social skills and innovation. Rather than competing with the employees within the group, a productive surrounding needs organization needs for preparing effective interpersonal relationships within the place of work (Jordan and Lloyd 2017). For ensuring organizational success, the management needs to make sure that it accepts all its group members talent and background that can contribute to the wide knowledge atoned by the team to work together and attain company objectives. It is gathered that the stronger the work group within the company has interpersonal rapport; the better will be a teams communication for enhanced productivity. Being a team play, organization along with its work groups has a responsibility to perform (Mki and Kerosuo 2015). Huge work groups within which employees are taken into account within a team but do not have the necessary skills might result in idleness and poor productivity that might affect the team overall. Additionally, smaller groups with selected individuals tend to operate in more productive manner. If the team is managed skilfully within the organization, then each member has the visibility and is anticipated to address standards and generate results. Depending on the skills possessed by the team suitable company culture is selected along with decision making and reward structure selection (Davis and Davis 2017). Organizational culture today focuses on self-expression. This indicates that the leader of the companies tries to develop a culture in which the employees employ their creativity along with encouraging innovative thinking. Such effective organizational culture is basically relied on self-organizing teams along with supportive project work groups. This requires managing the teams in a skilful manner that will make sure talent of each employee is utilised in their suitable work. One such example of skilfully managing teams to ensure organizational success can be observed on case of Toyota Company (Day and Shannon 2015). The company follows a collaborative organizational culture that increasing focuses on teamwork, consensus and decision making relied on shared view of the estimated results. The company focuses on encouragin g trustworthiness and teamwork along with aggressiveness and creativity. Creative culture must be maintained by most of the companies in developing a skilful team for the reason that this culture tends to employ remote and self-managed teams that needs a level of autonomy in order to function in a better manner. For instance, Apple Inc organization follows a culture of developing string teams as this is deemed essential in ensuring effectiveness of the teamwork (Bourne 2016). They believe that if the work group comprises strong employees that have a lot of employees with identical skills. The company believes that the work groups can be technically effective but they might fail to consider minute details important for success of the organization. The most proficient team encompass members with different skills and strengths. Considering this, it can be elucidated that in case a team is increasingly technical it can be advantageous if it has a member who is not that proficient techni cally but has all the necessary skills for the work (Wagner III and Hollenbeck 2014). Several benefits can be attained by an organization if it skilfully manages its work groups as this can ultimately contribute to the success of the company. Proper management and proper utilization of employee skills can facilitate the companies to increase its strengths. As this can facilitate a work division within a team in which each member might focus on all the aspects of a particular project to make an organization succeed (Wagner III and Hollenbeck 2014). For instance, it has been noticed in Woolworths Limited company that the employees work in a team and utilise their skills efficiently which facilitates them in which part the project the team members are comfortable in working. As the employees managed talents in different fields they manage tasks as per their expertise, they can easily divide their work based on the tasks they are comfortable with. In addition, certain other organization performance based advantages can be attained by the companies in case they manage its entire workforce skilfully. Skilful management of work groups also facilitates in improving the communication skills of employees. The importance of training lies in the enhancement of the existing skills and capabilities. During the training process the employees are examined by the management which helps them to identify the weaknesses of the staffs and arrange the training program accordingly. In the training, the employees develop new skills required for specific job roles. Therefore, training definitely plays an important role in organizational behaviour as well as in skill management. However, there are contradictory opinions about the training as one of the process of skill management. In a high performance job, an organization requires investing within human resources for social skills and innovation. Rather than competing with the employees within the group, a productive surrounding needs organization needs for preparing effective interpersonal relationships within the plac e of work (Sarangi and Shah 2015). There are certain disadvantages in case any company is not that focussed about managing teams skilfully in attaining organizational success. Improper team management can result in unshared responsibility in case things go working within an organization (Kunnanatt 2016). In such scenario, if a project fails within the company, an efficient team will not provide support to one another in a way that they can take the blame or responsibility regarding the miss-happenings in the company. To ensure organizational success all the team members must work at their best for attaining superior outcomes. Moreover, not encouraging skilful team work among the employees within the organization can result in unequal participation and association among the different team members (Holmes and Stubbe 2015). For instance, Tesco evidenced that it turns out to be challenging to work within a team in case the employees does not put their best efforts in getting work done. Another disadvantage that can be fac ed by the companies in absence of skilfully managed work groups is clash in ideas regarding working towards attaining a common organizational goal. Organizational works might not be completed that can impact its success as a situation might arise where projects can fail or become wring with increasing difference in the working techniques of several people within the work group (Sarangi and Shah 2015). Conclusion This essay was focused on the organizational behaviour in terms of highlighting the issue of skill management within the workplace of a firm which leads to the increase of productivity for the organization as the whole. From the essay it is gathered that there have been many ideas regarding the concept of the organizational behaviours. It has been mentioned by some of the scholars that the organizational behaviours is one kind scientific approach that is based in the management of the workers of a company in terms of maintaining a proper and rich culture within an organization. Moreover, there is several skill management process practised by most of the companies of late. Training, performance management, feedback, employee appraisal are some of the processes that is practised as the skill management process. After the identification of the required skills, the management of the same necessary. In terms of enhancing the skills of the employees, the human resource department of the co mpany conducts various training programs within the workplace. It is also revealed from the essay that the human resource management of the firm is usually responsible for determining different skill management process for employees in terms of enhancing the skills and capabilities of them. The basic purpose of skill management is to identify the gaps of the employees and fill them up with the required resources. References Bach, S., 2012. Performance management.Managing Human Resources: Human Resource Management in Transition, pp.219-242. Bourne, L., 2016.Stakeholder relationship management: a maturity model for organisational implementation. CRC Press. Davis, P.J. and Davis, P.J., 2017. How HR can create competitive advantage for the firm: Applying the principles of resource-based theory.Human Resource Management International Digest,25(2), pp.4-6. Day, G. and Shannon, E.A., 2015. Leading and managing change.Leading and Managing Health Services: An Australasian Perspective, pp.295-304. Holmes, J. and Stubbe, M., 2015.Power and politeness in the workplace: A sociolinguistic analysis of talk at work. Routledge. Jiang, K., Lepak, D.P., Hu, J. and Baer, J.C., 2012. How does human resource management influence organizational outcomes? A meta-analytic investigation of mediating mechanisms.Academy of management Journal,55(6), pp.1264-1294. Jordan, P. and Lloyd, C., 2017.Staff management in library and information work. Taylor Francis. Konings, J. and Vanormelingen, S., 2015. The impact of training on productivity and wages: firm-level evidence.Review of Economics and Statistics,97(2), pp.485-497. Kunnanatt, J.T., 2016. 3D leadership-strategy-linked leadership framework for managing teams.Economics, Management and Financial Markets,11(3), p.30. Mki, T. and Kerosuo, H., 2015. Site managers daily work and the uses of building information modelling in construction site management.Construction management and economics,33(3), pp.163-175. Marchington, M., Wilkinson, A., Donnelly, R. and Kynighou, A., 2016.Human resource management at work. Kogan Page Publishers. Miner, J.B., 2015.Organizational behavior 1: Essential theories of motivation and leadership. Routledge. Moore, C., Detert, J.R., KlebeTrevio, L., Baker, V.L. and Mayer, D.M., 2012. Why employees do bad things: Moral disengagement and unethical organizational behavior.Personnel Psychology,65(1), pp.1-48. Neffke, F. and Henning, M., 2013. Skill relatedness and firm diversification.Strategic Management Journal,34(3), pp.297-316. Pinder, C.C., 2014.Work motivation in organizational behavior. Psychology Press. Pollitt, C., 2013. The logics of performance management.Evaluation,19(4), pp.346-363. Sarangi, S. and Shah, S., 2015. Individuals, teams and organizations score with gamification: tool can help to motivate employees and boost performance.Human Resource Management International Digest,23(4), pp.24-27. Wagner III, J.A. and Hollenbeck, J.R., 2014.Organizational behavior: Securing competitive advantage. Routledge.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

The play the Potato Gatherers Essay Example

The play the Potato Gatherers? Paper This is a short play written by a man named Brian Friel. The theme is that of two young boys who have been sent out by their mother to work on a potato harvest. This means skipping off school in order to carry out this work. Obviously the family is very poor or the mother is unable to work for herself. It is set in Ireland, the home country of Brian Friel (the author), around the time of the start of the troubles. The boys are very young to be working to support their families needs, Joe was thirteen and Philly was twelve. This was not Joes first time of working for the mentioned Mr. Kelly so he was not very excited at the prospect of working so early in the morning. However this was Phillys first time at real mans work and due to his young age he was very excitable and enthusiastic. The play is set mainly in the potato field which is closely situated to their school. The play is set in Tyrone in North Ireland the play is set. It is a cold November morning and there is frost on the ground. Not exactly ideal situation for gathering potatoes but Philly is still wide-awake this early and rearing to go. It was six oclock in the morning. We will write a custom essay sample on The play the Potato Gatherers? specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The play the Potato Gatherers? specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The play the Potato Gatherers? specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The boys were chatting away without a care for whoever they could wake. To see his younger brother so excited actually woke Joe up and he started to get excited too. They display their immaturity when they pass a friends house and the school; they just cant help themselves but cheer and taunt. The story is focused on how the children have been brought up to act, how they have been sent to work and miss school because of the obvious need for money in the family and how proud the boys are that they are doing their share of work to help their family survive. It also focuses on the totally different personalities of the two boys, possibly because of the age difference or maturity. Joe is quite calm and mellow, he has worked before and he knows exactly what to expect of his day. Philly is very energetic and enthusiastic about his new experience of work and nothing would be able to calm him down. Even though Joe is much more mature than Philly he still plays along with his little brothers cowboy fantasies and games just to make him happy and pass the time. They play is set in a time where western films are very popular and just happen to one of Phillys favorite things ever. During the run of the play he goes through several fantasies of what he is going to buy and gun fighting imaginary foes. In total he has four main items he wishes to purchase. His dreams involve a gun, a gaff, a scout knife and a bicycle. As they are on there way to work Philly is imaging he already owns the gun and pretends to shoot at a cat. The constant repetition emphasizes both Phillys love for westerns and his childlike imagination. The viewpoint of the story, in my opinion, is largely based from Joes point of view. However some of the speech structure seems to be from the younger childs aspect. It is all written as if you are watching over Philly yourself. It describes his actions in a lot of detail but then roughly describes how Joe reacts. It is typical of a play to have more than one authorial viewpoint. Brian Friel makes the boys short speeches sound as if Joe is a father figure giving his little boy (Philly) advice. It is possible, due to the absence of any mention, that the boys do not have a father figure and hence another reason for the need to work. The mention of time throughout the play makes it seem as if for Joe the day is going very, very slowly. But to Philly it is racing by to begin with but then slows down. Philly has a lot more dialogue in the story, but this could be due to his hyperactivity. There is only a minor age gap between the two boys but the gap in the age they act is incredibly different and very well displayed by Friels usage of language. Philly seems to constantly be on a new adventure in his fantasyland within his own mind. And Joe is more than happy to play along to satisfy his brothers needs for interaction. Joe obviously loves his brother just the way he is, but he knows that after working a few shifts at the potato field his childlike inconvenience and energy will be worn down and lost. When their school friend, Dicey ODonnel, walks past the field they are not the ones taunting any more and he is in fact bragging to them how they are going to get strongly punished. In the end after the boys had finished their long day of work they are on their way home. They are resting on each other in the back of the truck quietly talking. This displays the closeness some brothers have. This closeness probably developed because everything one of the boys has done (Joe) the other is now getting the chance to go out and repeat (Philly). Philly looks up to his brother. The conversation at this point is very different compared to the rest of the story. It is subtler, Philly is worn out and this time it is Joe daydreaming about what he is going to buy with his money. And unlike Joe, willing to play along, Philly takes the mature role and says: Ma wont give us back enough to buy anything much The excitement is no longer present in his voice and instead he is sulking and sullen. After just one-day work Phillys outlook has been changed and he has grown up. Childhood didnt last very long for these two boys. Joes final thought is that he wants to buy a pair of red silk socks. This proves that neither of the boys will ever really grow up, and still like to dream of possibilities not available to them at that moment.